Hidden: 1866-1944


These eight authors all had different experiences with identity, however, they all were only able to thrive as queer people disconnected, in one way or another, from the prejudicial, American gaze. Whitman, Lazarus, H.D., and Roosevelt used their wealth and power to escape discrimination and Field, June, and Hughes found solace in small communities of peers.

While public opinion has changed very little on queerness up to this point, the expanding population allows identities to be hidden, especially in the upper classes. While reading, pay attention to the class distinction between the authors and how this difference influences their struggle.

Walt Whitman

Ruth Fuller Field

Jennie June

Eleanor Roosevelt


Emma Lazarus

Langston Hughes

Gertrude Stein